Document Type : Research Paper


1 Jan Wyzykowski University, Skalnikow 6b, Polkowice, Poland

2 Wroclaw Economics University, Komandorska 118/120, Wroclaw


The paper contains a description of a research conducted in collaboration with some Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs program Romanian students, concerning the use and implementation of ICT (Information and Telecommunication Technology), especially in distance managing Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). The paper is a response to the nature of contemporary business management, with the constantly increasing amount of work, bureaucracy and the necessity to travel on business combined with the need to manage the company being away. In the research the students assumed the roles of the employees and entrepreneurs simultaneously, to gain the perspective from both points of view – supervised by the authors. The aim was to find and test the effectiveness of the available ICT remote management instruments in the context of SMEs. The aim was to create a study of implementation in real-life conditions, considering the advantages and disadvantages of the solutions tested, including possible future trends. The result was a set of recommendations for business people. Apart from the educational value of the research, the unique, dual perspective assumed by the students participating in it, provided them with a practical insight and skills to better understand and make a better use of the conditions of managing and being managed. The results described here both practical and academic value. The resulting recommendations may constitute the basis of positive changes and improvement in the use of advanced technology in business activities. It is worth noting with its international character the study focuses not only on selected Polish enterprises, but the resulting contents reflects the situation in SMEs in the EU as well, thus it may be a starting point for analyzing other regions worldwide.


Main Subjects

About Prey, Prey, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-09.
Altman, J. C. (2007). Alleviating poverty in remote Indigenous Australia: The role of the hybrid economy. Canberra: Australian National University, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research
Ana Perez, Teamwork advantages and disadvantages, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-08.
Ana Perez, Teamwork advantages and disadvantages, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-08
AnyMeeetings enables you to host webinars or meetings, easily and affordably,  anymeeting, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-09.
Bizshifts-trends, Blended Management Styles– Changing, Adapting–Take Best of Each: Create a Hybrid That Works for Your Organization…, 2013, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-07-18
Boundless, A Blended Approach to Leadership, Boundless Management. Boundless, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-07-18
Brad Markle, Getting Started Guide: FTP, Inmotion hosting [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-08.
Broaden your reach, Zoom Video Communications,  [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-09
Christian Karasiewicz, 9 Ways to Use Facebook Groups for Business, Social Media Jungle, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-09.
Cynthia Gomez, Rules for the GPS Tracking of Employees, Chron studioD [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-07.
Gail Sessoms, How Does a Manager Gain Control of His Employees?, Chron, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-07.
Garrison, D. R., & Kanuka, H. (2004). Blended learning: Uncovering its transformative potential in higher education. The internet and higher education, 7(2), 95-105.
Google, About Documents, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-07-09.
Google, Sharing and collaborating on files, GCF,   googledriveanddocs/sharing-and-collaborating/full/, access date 2016-08-09.
Google,Share files and folders, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-08.
High Performance Teams Run on Teamwork, teamwork, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-09.
Jiří Mráz, What is the task of ICT in a company or organization?, Unicorn Systems,  available [Online:], access 2015-07-07
Join a Webinar, GoToWebinar, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-09.
Keri Jaehnig, 10 Reasons to Use Facebook Groups for Business, SteamFeed,  [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-09.
Koosner, Amanda C.: Mobile Technology for Business, dostępne na stronie internetowej:, access date 2016-08-09.
Laudon, J. P., & Laudon, K. C. (2006). Essentials of business information systems. Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Leyla Norman, What Are the Four Basic Functions That Make Up the Management Process?, Small Business Chron, available [Online:], access 2016-07-07.
Lisa Guerin, Monitoring employee communications,  Nolo, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-08.
Manual-OsMonitor, Partic-it, [Online] Available: sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=Manual-OsMonitor.pdf, access date 2016-08-08.
Manual-OsMonitor, Partic-it, [Online] Available: sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=Manual-OsMonitor.pdf, access date 2016-08-08.
Mobile Tracker Free, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-08.
Nicholas Ryan, 4 Huge Advantages of Video Conferencing , BlueJeans, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-08.
OsMonitor Employee Monitoring System, Wangya Computer, [Online] Available: access date 2016-07-17.
OsMonitor, How to Block a Website with OsMonitor Employee Monitoring Software, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-09.
Pawlak-Lis, T. (2013). Informatyka@ przyszłości. Rozwój mobilnych aplikacji biznesowych na urządzenia przenośne. Warszawa: Uniwersytet Warszawski.
Peter Maljaars, Webinar definition, GoToWebinar, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-08.
Peter Maljaars, Webinar definition, GoToWebinar, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-08.
Rebeca Saar, How to organize a successful meeting in 6 simple steps, Condeco,  [Online] Available:, access date 2016-07-16.
Rekimoto, J., & Saitoh, M. (1999, May). Augmented surfaces: a spatially continuous work space for hybrid computing environments. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 378-385). ACM.
Rod Vizcarra, How do I upload my documents?,  Embark, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-07-08.
Rosen, A. (2002). The e-commerce question and answer book: a survival guide for business managers. AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn.
Śledzenie GPS, Google Play, [Online] Available:
Teamwork Projects Product Tour, Teamwork, teamwork, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-07-18.
The Skype Team, Skype conference calls the quick easy and affondable way, TIips & Trics, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-08.
Time Tracking software, Hubstaff, [Online] Available: access date 2016-08-07.
User guide to the SME Definition, available [Online:], access 2016-08-08
Vehicle Tracking Devices for Safer Driving, Brick House Security, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-09.
Veriato, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-07.
Veriato, Productivity Benefits of User Activity Monitoring, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-06.
What is a Webinar?, Abouttech, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-09.
What is FTP (File Transfer Protocol)?, Serv-U, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-07.
Whitney Sanchez, Employee Monitoring Software Review, TopTenReviews, [Online] Available:, access date 2016-07-16.
Whitney Sanchez, OsMonitor Review, TopTenReview, [Online] Available: , access date 2016-08-09.
Work Examiner, Efficient Lab LLC., [Online] Available:, access date 2016-08-07.